Creative Evolution is a 1907 book by the French philosopher Henri Bergson. The work proposes a version of orthogenesis in place of Darwin's mechanism of evolution, suggesting that evolution is motivated by the “élan vital”, a vital impetus that may also be understood as a natural creative impulse. The book also developed concepts of time which influenced writers like Marcel Proust and Thomas Mann. Bergson's term "duration", for example, refers to an individual, subjective experience of time, as opposed to the mathematical, objectively measurable clock time.
The Will to Power is an audiobook of notes compiled from the literary remains of Friedrich Nietzsche. The title derives from a work that Nietzsche himself had intended to write. The "will to power", a prominent concept in his philosophy, describes what Nietzsche believed to be the main driving force in humans.
The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ is an account of the events leading up to the crucifixion of Christ, dictated by a 19th-century German stigmatic and visionary, Anne Catherine Emmerich. Emmerich was nearly illiterate, so she dictated the text to the poet Clemens Brentano. The narrative contains many small details that do not occur in the Gospel narratives, and the sublime poetics and lofty imagery in the book have led scholars to suspect that Brentano may have embellished Anne’s descriptions as he write them down.
The January volume includes Saints Almachius, Euphrosyne, Fulgentius, Felix of Bourges, Peter of Atroa, Odilo, Hugolino of Gualdo, Macarius of Alexandria, Vincentian, Stephana Quinzani, Peter Balsam, Genevieve, Bertilia of Mareuil, and Pharaildis.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) has influenced philosophers such as Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Oswald Spengler, George Grant, Emil Cioran, Albert Camus, Ayn Rand, Jacques Derrida, Leo Strauss, Max Scheler, Michel Foucault and Bernard Williams. His writings on aesthetics, language, truth, morality, cultural theory, history, nihilism, power, and the meaning of existence have exerted a vast influence on Western philosophy and intellectual history.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1841-1935) is generally considered one of the two greatest justices of the United States Supreme Court. In more than 2000 opinions, he delineated an impressive legal philosophy that profoundly influenced American jurisprudence, particularly in the area of civil liberties and judicial restraint. In The Common Law, derived from a series of lectures delivered at the Lowell Institute in Boston, Holmes systematized his legal doctrines.
As a Man Thinketh is an inspirational book by James Allen, first published in 1903. It deals with the power of thought, and particularly with the use and application of thought to create happy and prosperous circumstances. The writing is simple, so that all can easily grasp the teachings and put the methods into practice. In the earlier work, From Poverty to Power: The Realization of Prosperity and Peace, (1901) Allen emphasizes that a disciplined mind and a focus on serving others are the keys to achieving prosperity.
The book comprises two parts: Dialogue of Council and Discourse on Utopia. It is a work of fiction and satire by Thomas More (1478-1535), depicting a fictional island society and its religious, social, and political customs.
The Blithedale Romance (1852) by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a dark romantic novel set in the farming commune of Blithedale where some utopian city slickers have gathered in order to improve the world. The narrator, Miles Coverdale, gets acquainted with the reformer Hollingsworth, the feminist Zenobia, her sister Priscilla, her father Old Moodie, and Professor Westervelt. They pursue their individual egotistical paths and get entangled in their conflicting ambitions.
The title of this work does not refer to the biblical Antichrist but is a criticism of institutionalized religion and the priestly class. The book is an attack on what Nietzsche considered the "slave morality" and apathy of Western Christianity. Nietzsche argues that Christianity poisons western culture and perverts the words of and practice of Jesus.
Jack London Dog Stories: The Call of the Wild and White Fang
Spieldauer: 10 Std. und 54 Min.
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The Call of the Wild and White Fang are two masterpieces of American literature set in the desolate cold North. The Call of the Wild is the story of a gentle domestic dog that rejects civilization and returns to the wilderness due to the cruelty of mankind. White Fang is a companion narrative and a thematic mirror to The Call of the Wild; it tells the tale of a wolf-dog hybrid who struggles to survive and ultimately changes from a fearsome wild beast into a creature of love.
From Poverty to Power shows how one may rise above adversity and poverty by taking the paths of material prosperity and truth to ultimately reach the goal of spiritual peace. Enduring success in any field is shown to be the result of inner adjustment and growth.
On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemic is an 1887 work by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. It consists of a preface and three interconnected essays that expand on concepts Nietzsche first raised in Beyond Good and Evil (1886). The three essays question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.
The Age of Chivalry focuses on Arthurian legends of the legendary King Arthur who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defense of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries AD. It includes the chapters "The Mythical History of England", "Merlin", "Sir Gawain", "Lancelot of the Lake", "The Lady of Shalott", "Queen Guenever's Peril", "Tristram and Isoude", and "Sir Palamedes".
Alban Butler (1710 - 1773) was a professor of philosophy and theology. His opus magnum, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints was first published in four volumes in London, 1756-1759 after 30 years’ research. Down the ages, Roman Catholics have turned to the lives of the saints for inspiration and hope. The lives of the saints are also important as well-documented sources for the study of cultural, social and religious history. The volume for December includes Our Lady of Guadalupe, St. Stephen, St. Sylvester, St. Bibiana, St. Nicholas, and St. Ambrose.
Twice-Told Tales by Nathaniel Hawthorne is an 1837 collection of stories that had previously appeared in literary journals like Atlantic Souvenir and The Token. The stories explore ideas of pride and sin through allegory in a New England setting. Contemporaries of Hawthorne, including Edgar Allan Poe and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, praised the book. Twice-Told Tales includes stories like "Sunday at Home", "The Wedding-Knell", "The Minister's Black Veil", "The Maypole of Merry Mount", "The Gentle Boy", "Mr. Higginbotham's Catastrophe", and more.